[[ Free Textbooks ]] The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War IIAuthor Iris Chang – Freepe.co

In December , The Japanese Army Invaded The Ancient City Of Nanking, Systematically Raping, Torturing, And Murdering Than , Chinese Civilians This Book Tells The Story From Three Perspectives Of The Japanese Soldiers Who Performed It, Of The Chinese Civilians Who Endured It, And Of A Group Of Europeans And Americans Who Refused To Abandon The City And Were Able To Create A Safety Zone That Saved Many

10 thoughts on “The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II

  1. says:

    Gripping As a Japanese, it pisses me off how history turned out for the Class A war criminals who never got reprimanded or punished after the war, and it pisses me off all the for the government s steady and FUCKED UP denial of its past war crimes Both the ultranationalists and those conservative politicians who outright label the incident a mere fabrication and lie deserve to die right away without mercy of any kind In Germany, it s punishable by law to deny Holocaust In Japan, the government encourages and at times forces the denial As a Japanese, I ve never been embarrassed, ashamed, and angered by my country than its infantile, perverted, disgraceful, repugnant, and intolerable attempts to cover up its own wrongdoings Fuck you Japan Fuck you all war criminals.Putting aside my personal sentiments, the book is a gripping tale of the atrocities committed by the Japanese army in Nanking, and it is truly horrifying It s hard to believe that people could do such things Frankly, it has become my fantasy to be omnipotent, go back to the Naking in 1937, and kill every single Japanese soldier who was running amok at Nanking Really I d really like to kill them.Again putting aside my personal sentiments, it s a book definitely worth reading It s only 225 pages including the introduction and epilogue, and it fascinatingly tells the incident from three different perspectives Though many people have criticized her sources and the objectivity of firsthand references, it seems like there is a preponderance, if not an overwhelming amount, of evidence in support of the incident as historical fact, and the incident and the heroes involved in it should never be forgotten.A great tale a must read.

  2. says:

    Any comments regarding politics will be dealt with Flagged, blocked, accompanied by one of my endlessly innovative insults Take your political opinions elsewhere, the few of you who think this is bloody Facebook I m not interested Almost all people have this potential for evil, which would be unleashed only under certain dangerous social circumstances A beloved European friend, who s currently living in Changzhou, has been pestering me to read this book for months I was unwilling Of course, History is my greatest love and I was extremely familiar with the tragedy of Nanjing the capital of China at the time through documentaries and films This is exactly why I hadn t read Iris Chang s book I couldn t bear to visualize the scenes of destruction and utter brutality in my mind Even the Wikipedia page narrating the slaughters is a place of horror However, I thought that maybe the time had finally come and I ventured What kind of review can I possibly write now There are times that I feel my words lose all meaning The book chronicles the atrocities committed by the Japanese invaders after the fall of the city on 13 12 1937 The estimated victims 300,000 people over a period of six weeks.The writing is detailed, powerful, razor sharp The horror comes through the pages not because the writer intended to shock but because the events described have no need for embellishment or sensationalist language The violence, the ordeal, the brutality of the attacks, the behaviour of the monsters, the paranoia Women and children, innocent civilians, meeting a fate and an end that no one is able to imagine I feel that each sentence I am writing falls short, remains meaningless, devoid of any substance It is impossible to enclose and communicate the feelings caused in me while I was reading Chang s book The anger, the hatred, the despair It s like a journey to a Hell that no religion has ever conceived, a pit of blood and madness that leaves you hopeless, empty, frozen.And in the end And now So many eulogies, so many times mankind has uttered never again And the result Nothing Purely nothing We loudly and wildly proclaim never another Holocaust, another Somme, another Vietnam, another Nanjing Empty words and evil deeds are the banes of History I often feel the human race has learnt nothing from its darkest moments We live through endless repetitions of horrors in various degrees and forms , watching today s elected dictators giving speeches, ruling lives.I don t care about political or religious issues, I don t care about political correctness This isn t about power or international relationships This is about the sheer brutality that lives in every human being, waiting for a chance to come forth and attack and the natural tendencies exploited by those in power all over the world, throughout the course of History How can one stop this The answer is yet to be found.My reviews can also be found on

  3. says:

    Iris Chang committed suicide I can t help wondering if doing the research for this book didn t create or deepen her depression She was an obviously passionate person and turning that passion loose on uncovering what really happened in Nanking in December 1937 must have shook her deeply.Just reading it shook me deeply.As a history major in college, I was aware of the allegations against the Japanese in WWII, not just in Nanking but all over S.E Asia As an ongoing student of WWII and someone who has traveled all over S.E Asia, I am even convinced that the level of brutality that the Japanese visited on the liberated peoples of the Greater East Asia Co prosperity Sphere was matched or exceeded only by the Holocaust in Europe I, too, have talked to survivors of the Japanese occupation in the Philippines, Indonesia, Hong Kong, China, and Malaysia and their stories, while not as dramatic as Chang s, were nevertheless riveting and horrifying I stood in the hallway of what was once a Girl s high school in Manila where 400 young women were raped and eventually killed by drunken Japanese soldiers who expected to die as the Americans approached Manila I met an old nun who still could not keep the tears from her eyes as she related the story.So, I have no problem believing that the incidents Chang chronicles and the eyewitness and diary accounts she relates are true I am also enough of a historian to recognize that she wrote the book as a journalist not as a historian That belief does not lessen the importance of what she has done in trying to lift the veil from an episode the Japanese would love to have the world forget That some Japanese continue to deny, not only the brutality of the rape of Nanking, but also the brutality they visited on every country they occupied is a stain on the rest of the Japanese people Ahmadinejad denying the Holocaust is a joke compared to Japanese officials and academics denying the Rape of Nanking.This book is also a must read for anyone who believes that these kinds of brutal happenings are anomalies for as Chang points out in the epilogue, The Rape of Nanking should be perceived as a cautionary tale She goes on to say that human beings are capable of the worst kind of inhuman behavior if the circumstances are right Our civilization is a thin veneer.

  4. says:

    By far the most painful book I have ever read and yet a book that should be READ, passed on, READ, passed on, READ and passed on and ON so that new generations of people learn what those forever silent can t relate to their loved ones because they themselves have been Massacred I came across this book having just finished White Chrysanthemum a historical fiction account of The Comfort Women and wanting to read on this time in history I found this book.The Nanking Massacre was an episode of mass murder and mass rape in 1937 that lasted for 6 weeks, committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing Nanking , then the capital of the Republic of China, during the Second Sino Japanese War More than 300,000 chinese civilians and soldiers were systematically raped, tortured, beheaded and murdered in the most unthinkable and horrific ways I have been vaguely aware of this terrible time in histroy but have never read anything about it and when I discussed this book with my work colleagues not one of them had heard of the Rape of Nanking or read or seen any documentaries related to this massacare which in itself is pretty shocking as this was a Holocaust which the world seems to have conveniently forgotten or swept under the carpet.This is a DIFFICULT read as the descriptions of the atrocities are very very graphic but thankfully for me I only had to read about it and not endure it or witness it therefore the nightmares I experienced after reading passages in this book are nothing compared to what Chinese people still seeking justice must experience when they read a book like this and think how their ancestors met their fate.An extremely well written and researced book and the author uses sources such as diaries, government documents, newspapers reports and interview with survivors Where there is evil there is sometimes amazing acts of bravery and heroism and this book really does highlight a few amazingly good people who saved thousands and I loved how the author researched and highlighted their stories and the good work they did among all the evil.I was shocked, sickened, saddened and angry reading this book but above all I was EDUCATEDand I have already ordered two copies of this book for family members The Life of the dead is placed in the memory of the living Marcus Tullius CiceroA WORD OF WARNING WHILE I THINK THIS IS A BOOK WHICH MANY SHOULD READ THERE ARE VERY GRAPHIC DESCRIPTIONS OF THE ATROCITIES AND SOME PEOPLE JUST MIGHT WANT TO BE AWARE OF THIS BEFORE READING.

  5. says:

    A dark rabbit hole into the abyss, this is Or, as Jaidee says we suck as a species In December 1937 Japanese troops advanced from Shanghai to Nanjing All of the sickeningly familiar war crime atrocities occurred It s like there s a template or step by step guide that gets followed.Chang s research found the diary of John Rabe which provides an improbable ray of hope in all the atrocious horror.The Nazi Who Saved NankingPerhaps the most fascinating character to emerge from the history of the Rape of Nanking is the German businessman John Rabe To most of the Chinese in the city, he was a he was a hero, the living Buddha of Nankin, the legendary head of the International Safety Zone who saved hundreds of thousands of Chinese lives But to the Japanese, Rabe was a strange and unlikely savior For he was not only a German national a citizen of the Nazi Party in Nanking.

  6. says:

    Iris Chang received hate mail, death threats and academic scorn following her publication of The Rape of Nanking in 1997 Chang had spent considerable time and energy researching the book, hoping that her work could bring attention to a horrific time that seemed to somehow have been lost in the history books a winter and spring of unimaginable horror in 1937 and 1938 following the Japanese capture and occupation of the Chinese city of Nanking As the Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel warned years ago, to forget a holocaust is to kill twice Negative critical remarks ranged from condescending dismissals of her historic narrative and research methods and her conclusions to outright denials and accusations of fabrication Nationalistic Japanese factions and scholars went out of their way to discredit and heap abuse on Ms Chang Snotty academics lined up to ridicule her findings and many dismissed her accomplishment as the work of an amateur The Rape of Nanking did not penetrate the world consciousness in the same manner as the Holocaust or Hiroshima because the victims themselves had remained silent Yet, incredibly, Chang s sources were eye witnesses to the massacre, survivors and rape victims The author referenced contemporaneous news reports, photography and news reels The book documents the confessions and concessions of JAPANESE soldiers who years later still felt great sorrow for what they had done A NAZI visitor was so devastated by what he saw that he dedicated his time and risked personal injury to assist the Chinese and later brought his report back to Berlin to alert Hitler to the actions of Germany s Eastern ally.Reports vary as to whether 50,000 or 300,000 Chinese were murdered by the invading Japanese army Likewise, historians disagree as to whether the rape victims number from 100,000 to as high as 800,000 Even if the most conservative reports are accepted, this is still a demonic and sanguinary event that should be chronicled and remembered, whose victims should be honored and whose aggressors should be exposed and chastened Ms Chang s detractors should be ashamed of themselves for quibbling over reasonable speculations and for attempts to find explanations for the Japanese actions at Nanking and since Looking back upon millennia of history, it appears clear that no race or culture has monopoly on wartime cruelty The veneer of civilization seems to be exceedingly thin one that can be easily stripped away, especially by the stresses of war Seven years after writing these words, the result of months of exhausting and heartbreaking research, and after steadfastly defending her work, Ms Chang herself succumbed to depression and took her own life Whether she had given up on humanity or our fragile hold on civility, or was simply overwhelmed by the towering and devastating weight of obstinate denials we may never know But like Elie Wiesel s Night and William L Shirer s The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich A History of Nazi Germany this is a painful, difficult book to read but one that should be to remind us of how tenuous is our civilization and how quickly can be the descent into monstrosity.

  7. says:

    I read this book in 1999 and was surprised to find that it was not on my GR list I was not writing detailed reviews at the time so my single paragraph will have to suffice, but I did take down a few significant passages from the book, and pasted those at the bottom.This book tells of the Japanese destruction, truly a rape of Nanking in December 1937 It is estimated that up to 350,000 people were murdered within a few weeks, many horribly The Japanese have never acknowledged this atrocity, and in fact many of those involved remained in influential government positions Because of cold war politics, most of the perpetrators of this were spared punishment.The book was detailed and chilling I have not yet seen the documentary, which is supposed to be excellent It is on my Netflix queue.While Japan is capable of greatness, too often their intensity and creativity have been put to dark purposes Nanking was one instance A recent news item about how Japan is doing its utmost to hang on to its xenophobia quotes p 217Some Japanese scholars believe that the horrors of the Rape of Nanking and other outrages of the Sino Japanese war were caused by a phenomenon called the transfer of oppression According to Tanaka Yuki, author of Hidden Horrors Japanese War Crimes in World War II, the modern Japanese Army had great potential for brutality from the moment of its creation for two reasons the arbitrary and cruel treatment that the military inflicted on its own officers and soldiers, and the hierarchical nature of Japanese society, in which status was dictated by proximity to the Emperor Before the invasion of Nanking, the Japanese military had subjected its own soldiers to endless humiliation Japanese soldiers were forced to wash the underwear of officers or stand meekly while superiors slapped them until they streamed blood Using Orwellian language, the routine striking of Japanese soldiers, or bentatsu, was termed an act of love by the officers, and the violent discipline of the Japanese Navy through tekkan sensei, or the iron fist, was often called ai no muchi, or whip of love It has often been suggested that those with the least power are often the most sadistic if given the power of life and death over people even lower on the pecking order, and the rage engendered by this rigid pecking order was suddenly given an outlet when Japanese soldiers went abroad In foreign lands or colonized territories, the Japanese soldiers representatives of the emperor enjoyed tremendous power among the subjects In China even the lowliest Japanese private was considered superior to the most powerful and distinguished native, and it is easy to see how years of suppressed anger, hatred and fear of authority could have erupted in uncontrollable violence at Nanking The Japanese soldier had endured in silence whatever his superiors had chosen to deal out to him, and now the Chinese had to take whatever he chose to deal out to them.p 219Whatever the course of postwar history, the Rape of Nanking will stand as a blemish upon the honor of human beings But what makes the blemish particularly repugnant is that history has never written a proper end for the story Sixty years later the Japanese as a nation are still trying to bury the victims of Nanking not under the soil, as in 1937, but into historical oblivion In a disgraceful compounding of the offense, the story of the Nanking massacre is barely known in the west because so few people have tried to document and narrate it systematically to the public.p 220There are several important lessons to be learned from Nanking, and one is that civilization itself is paper thin There are those who believe that the Japanese are uniquely sinister a dangerous race of people who will never change But after reading several file cabinets worth of documents on Japanese war crimes as well as accounts of ancient atrocities from the pantheon of world history, I have to conclude that Japan s behavior during World War II was less a product of dangerous people than of a dangerous government, in a vulnerable culture, in dangerous times, able to sell dangerous rationalizations to those whose human instincts told them otherwise The Rape of Nanking should be perceived as a cautionary tale an illustration of how easily human beings can be encouraged to allow their teenagers to be molded into efficient killing machines able to suppress their better natures Another lesson to be gleaned from Nanking is the role of power in genocide Those who have studied the patterns of large scale killings throughout history have noted that the sheer concentration of power in government is lethal that only a sense of absolute unchecked power can make atrocities like the Rape of Nanking possible In the 1990 s R J Runnel, perhaps the world s greatest authority on democide a term he coined to include both genocide and government mass murder , completed a systematic and quantitative study of atrocities in both this century and ancient times, an impressive body of research that he summed up with a play on the famous Lord Acton line Power kills, and absolute power kills absolutely The less restraint on power within a government, Rummel found, the likely the government will act on the whims of psychologically generated darker impulses of its leaders to wage war on foreign governments Japan was no exception, and atrocities such as the raps of Nanking can be seen as a predictable if not inevitable outgrowth of ceding to an authoritarian regime, dominated by a military and imperial elite, the unchallenged power to commit an entire people to realizing the sick goals of the few with the unbridled power to set them And there is a third lesson to be learned, one that is perhaps the most distressing of all It lies in the frightening ease with which the mind can accept genocide, turning us all into passive spectators to the unthinkable The Rape of Nanking was front page news across the world, and yet most of the world stood by and did nothing while an entire city was butchered The international response to the Nanking atrocities was eerily akin to the recent response to the atrocities in Bosnia Herzegovina and Rwanda while thousands have died almost unbelievably cruel deaths, the entire world has watched CNN and wrung its hands One could argue that the United States and other countries failed to intervene earlier to prevent the Nazis from carrying out their final solution because the genocide was carried out in wartime secrecy and with such cold efficiency that until Allied soldiers liberated the camps and saw with their own eyes the extent of the horror, most people could not accept the reports they had been getting as literally true But for the Rape of Nanking, or for the murders in the former Yugoslavia, there can be no such excuse The Nanking atrocities were splashed prominently across the pages of newspapers like the New York Times, while the Bosnia outrages were played out daily on televisions in virtually every living room Apparently some quirk in human nature allows even the most unspeakable acts of evil to become banal within minutes, provided only that they occur far enough away to pose no personal threat.

  8. says:

    Is JeSuisCharlie still trending on Twitter Or, rather, is it still fashionable to bleat and moan about freedom of speech without mention of the First Amendment Zones in Ferguson, the labeling of protesters as looters and militants by mass media, this particular gem of a post, and so many other violations of the right to speak that aren t saturated enough with European imperialism to merit the world s attention Just look how the Boko Haram massacre of thousands was received by a world in mourning for French journalists, or how little attention was paid to the French government s treatment of Muslims both past and present before I didn t watch them myself, but I ve heard that many a celebrity during the Golden Globes cheered for Charlie Hebdo but stayed mum during a speech on BlackLivesMatter that, despite all media black outs to the contrary, is still going strong Also Bill Cosby rape jokes by white feminists, cause freedom of speech, right Where s the movie for this Where s the industry on par with the Holocaust entertainment business the US is currently enraptured with There s plenty of adulation for US Americans and other variations on those of European descent facing down hordes of non European scum, so why not aggrandize this to as an obscene degree as Schindler s List The author killed herself seven years after publication, leaving notes behind that spoke of government pressure and other sordid influences pulling at her from the dark Where is your anger, JeSuisCharliests, over that This edition includes pictures of the atrocities because, depending on who you are and where you live, your right to be mourned won t be respected unless your body is put on public display in all its shame and mutilation Depending on who you are killed by, your right to be mourned will subsidized in accordance to whether you are legally a human being in comparison to the legal humanity of your killer Two of my teachers thought it necessary to strip the Charlie Hebdo shooting of its extenuating context in order to prove a point of satire or philosophical discussion of What is terrorism , the latter gleefully pinning the difference between war and insurgent terror on whether it was conducted by a legal state If it is possible to become a legal state through centuries of genocide and enslavement that are reinforced to this day via military industrial complex, what does that mean for our legal right to freedom of speech Japan at the time of the Rape of Nanking was a legal state, so apparently Chang was wrong in calling their actions terrorism As such, a sanitized, legal, correct term would be collateral damage, the likes of which rank with Guant namo Diary which every JeSuisCharliest should be reading if there s an actual fucking point to their sociopolitical bandwagon Freedom of speech, freedom of speech, freedom of speech, and when you have drone strikes of Yemen weddings, Mike Brown Memorials and sleepless homeless people being set fire to with equal impunity on US soil, denials by the Canadian government of the democide of its First Nations women, and KillAllMuslims and ItAintRape trending on Twitter, don t come crying to me about what a hateful world we live in It is one where a white boy can slaughter college students and elementary school children alike in the land of the free and the home and the brave, and if you don t see a correlation between the brutal Japanese indoctrination of their soldiers and the reception of American Sniper, you re either a fool or a big fan of dehumanization so long as it s aimed in the right direction.I wonder how many people read this to support their xenophobia in regards to Japanese people I wonder how many people passed off the author s ending of her own life as typical of her kind I wonder how many people excused the US enabling of Japan s historical denial as a necessary international strategy of upholding peace I ve seen a lot of reviews commenting on Chang s improper academic methodologies in writing this which, okay, if formulaic standards of citation matter to you than the 52 pages of further evidence that conclude this massive indictment of the relation between the money we make and the history we remember, you re complicit True, some involved in this were indeed judged to be war criminals, but it was a mere few months ago that the CIA Torture Report revealed war criminals of similar caliber that were swiftly exonerated If you think all the world s myriad factions of varying brutality both illegal and not so much didn t learn a lesson from that dominating erasure, think again There are those who believe that the Japanese are uniquely sinister a dangerous race of people who will never change But after reading several file cabinets worth of documents on Japanese war crimes as well as accounts of ancient atrocities from the pantheon of world history, I would have to conclude that Japan s behavior during World War II was less a product of dangerous people than of a dangerous government, in dangerous times, able to sell dangerous rationalizations to those who human instincts told them otherwise. You want to talk freedom of speech Let s talk freedom of speech and how the majority use it to constantly remind those of their rapeable, murderable, dehumanizable status and throw shit fits when some react by using it to protest said status Let s talk about the hate crimes that have followed the freedom of speech rallies and who has been allowed to get away with terror Just don t expect the conversation to end when JeSuisCharlie stops trending Your freedom of ignorance does not render you free of blood on your hands.

  9. says:

    Okay, I waited for the holiday season to be over before I put this review The review contains information of gruesome violence and depressing images If you want to stay in good mood, don t read it I don t think it will change anything view spoiler The Japanese, I learned, sliced babies not just in half but in thirds and fourths, they said the Yangtze River ran red with blood for days Chinese witnesses saw Japanese rape girls under ten years of age in the streets and then slash them in half by sword In some cases, the Japanese sliced open the vaginas of preteen girls in order to ravish them effectively Have you ever noticed how our compassion seems to work on a sort of value index The higher a victim of some tragedy scores on that index, the the compassion of the world s he gets To calculate your own value make a list of items non white, non Euro American, women, not very beautiful the oh Why it had to happen to her, she was so beautiful syndrome , too poor to be visible etc The items a victim tick, the less the sympathy s he has of people People of Nanking didn t tick most of these items and so their mass murders and mass rape were ignored by the world, ignored not as in they didn t make it to newspapers, Japanese, in their arrogance, made sure that the mass murders make the news on their way to the capital, Japanese soldiers were made to participate in killing competitions, which were avidly covered by the Japanese media like sporting events The most notorious one appeared in the December 7 issue of the Japan Advertiser under the headline Sub Lieutenants in Race to Fell 100 Chinese Running Close Contest but rather the whole world chose to do nothing about it.In fact, the then president of States was disturbed by sinking of Panay a USS but, well, then it was full of western people And seriously, how many people still think that allies US, UK, France etc were fighting the world war to save Jew Hitler actually offered them Jewish citizen as refugees which allies refused Second World War was all about power And Japan, whose war crimes included live burials, mutilation, nailing prisoners, death by fire, cannibalism, forced prostitution of women from captured countries the comfort women , forcing incest upon helpless captives, rape of women from ages 8 to 80 , impalement of vaginas, medical experiments, water treatment that pumped water or kerosene into the noses and mouths of victims until their bowels ruptured, suspension of POWs by wrists, arms, or legs until their joints were literally ripped from their sockets, victims being forced to kneel on sharp instruments, excruciating extractions of nails from fingers, electric shock torture, naked women forced to sit on charcoal stoves, every imaginable form of beating and flogging etc, was or less never asked to account for its action, never asked to compensate its victims The officers and the king who issued the orders to kill captives remain untouched even after Japanese surrender in second world war And why Because US saw Japan as a potential friend against Russia, just as two Chinese governments forgive Japan in expectation of trade contacts the governments had no rights to forgive on behalf of those individuals, they weren t even contacted There are no good or bad nations, nations have no conscience In exchange for Japan s surrender, the American government granted him, the emperor of Japan, immunity from trial, so he was not called in as a defendant or even a witness Because the terms of the surrender exonerated all members of the Japanese imperial family, Hirohito s uncle Prince Asaka under whose command the Kill All Captives order was forged also escaped justice, exempting him from having to appear at the IMTFE at all While those who committed those crimes lived a life of luxury, the survivors of Nanking, rape victims reminds me of how the slave makers of Africa and slave owners of States are some of the richest families in their countries and comfort women had to live a life of poverty and in the case of women, since Eastern world, chastity among women continues to be considered a virtue disgrace, suffering from psychological shock and a large number committed suicide.How can someone be so inhuman Probably the most difficult question is what made people do such things the rape of Nanking, the Holocaust etc Chang does answer this question as far as Nanking is concerned in many ways, and they are or less same as in the case of Holocaust, slavery, the presently on going violance in middle East and Africa.1 Racial superiority Japanese thought themselves superior people, the only people of god.2 Ultra nationalism Like religion, Nationalism excuses murders and mass violence 3 Milllitary culture Samurai culture is not as pleasant as it appears in western movies4 Submissiveness to the will of king power corrupts and absolute power The HeroesNot all kept their silence though, within Nanking, a few brave foreign individuals fought for the captives Within Nanking, a few Europeans and Americans constantly put their lives at risk in saving innocent Chinese lives.The biggest savior of Nanking people was John Rabe, a german merchant in China and here is the time to gasp a Nazi, and if that is not enough, a Nazi who wrote to Hitler to intervene and ask Japan to stop their war crimes Hitler, of course, did nothing Rabe didn t know what his own party back in Germany was doing to Jews and would later suffer because of his association with it In China, though he was like messiah He created and managed a safety zone which provided shelter to residents of Nanking and along with a few Europeans and Americans policed it against Japanese soldiers The detestable Nazi Savastik actually helped him protect innocent lives.There were a few other foreigners who stood for innocent Chinese rather than fleeing Chang goes into detail talking about two of them These heroes, who continue to fight for Nanking long after the rape was over against Japanese effort to censor the information, ended up no better in their lives than the survivors in their later life Some went mad from psychological shock, some committed suicide.Stupid CriticismsThere are some stupid criticisms of the book in the reviews here on Goodreads such as 1 It is sensationalist because of the word holocaust in sub heading one of the reviewers called it sensationalist but I don t think Chang could have got the event the well deserved attention otherwise and scenes of violence are just as gruesome I mean how many of you have heard about Nanking How many have heard about Auschwitz It is not just that Japan has doled out less than 1 percent of the amount that Germany has paid in war reparations to its victims It is not just that, unlike most Nazis, who, if not incarcerated for their crimes were at least forced from public life, many Japanese war criminals continued to occupy powerful positions in industry and government after the war And it is not just the fact that while Germans have made repeated apologies to their Holocaust victims, the Japanese have enshrined their war criminals in Tokyo an act that one American wartime victim of the Japanese has labeled politically equivalent to erecting a cathedral for Hitler in the middle of Berlin Add to the list, the fact that Japanese continue to censor information about these war crimes.2.It is not well researched it uses information from at least four different countries and as many languages from different means witnesses accounts, photographs, video clippings, newspaper reports including Japanese ones , personal diaries, confessions of some Japanese scholars themselves etc.3.It uses only eye witnesses accounts See 1 Above4.It gives a one sided account of the story I m sorry Japanese that ultra nationalists didn t get their voice but seriously Chang thinks that the Japanese soldiers involved in the acts were themselves victims of a system of oppression Some Japanese scholars believe that the horrors of the Rape of Nanking and other outrages of the Sino Japanese War were caused by a phenomenon called the transfer of oppression According to Tanaka Yuki, author of Hidden Horrors Japanese War Crimes in World War II, the modern Japanese army had great potential for brutality from the moment of its creation for two reasons the arbitrary and cruel treatment that the military inflicted on its own officers and soldiers, and the hierarchical nature of Japanese society, in which status was dictated by proximity to the emperor Before the invasion of Nanking, the Japanese military had subjected its own soldiers to endless humiliation Japanese soldiers were forced to wash the underwear of officers or stand meekly while superiors slapped them until they streamed with blood Using Orwellian language, the routine striking of Japanese soldiers, or bentatsu, was termed an act of love by the officers, and the violent discipline of the Japanese navy through tekken seisai, or the iron fist, was often called ai no muchi, or whip of love 5.It is racist On the contrary, she rejects any racist interpretations of the event There are those who believe that the Japanese are uniquely sinister a dangerous race of people who will never change But after reading several file cabinets worth of documents on Japanese war crimes as well as accounts of ancient atrocities from the pantheon of world history, I would have to conclude that Japan s behavior during World War II was less a product of dangerous people than of a dangerous government, in a vulnerable culture, in dangerous times, able to sell dangerous rationalizations to those whose human instincts told them otherwise The Rape of Nanking should be perceived as a cautionary tale an illustration of how easily human beings can be encouraged to allow their teenagers to be molded into efficient killing machines 6 It criticises Japanese culture I keep hearing this one in India too, but why is it even an argument Why is something considered beyond criticism if it can be called culture of any country And any culture which promotes racist thinking kills compassion or excuses such meaningless violence is worth criticising Chang is critical of the only military culture of Japan and not its other traditions And that kind of culture which asks people to get used to violence is detestable everywhere Japan learned it from America and now China seems to have learned it too And it will go on, when all over the world, the most progressive people see nothing wrong in letting their children play with toy guns and violent video games.What is most disheartening is indifference the world is able could acquire The whole world knew about Nanking just they know about the presently going genocide in Darfur and Rwanda Or maybe we should learn to expect such behaviour of forgetting the whole thing or putting a new UN resolution of never again every time it happens view spoiler the images are same as in my review of a href Of Africa by Wole Soyinka hide spoiler

  10. says:

    ETA There is much in this book than the simple listing of atrocities committed How came it to be that the Japanese soldiers lost all natural sense of right and wrong Why did the world look away Why has punishment never been allotted What can be done to prevent this from happening again All of these questions are addressed in the book Michael, I am adding this for you EVERYBODY should read this book Yes, that means YOU I am annoyed at myself I have had this on my shelves for ages First my excuse was that it was too difficult to get my hands on Then it was too expensive Then I convinced myself that since I DO acknowledge the massacre, it really wasn t necessary to read the horrible details of it.at those reviewers that make statements refuting the book s value I have read the following the problem is that her history relies almost solely on told accounts, from the Chinese That is not true Now if someone says that I am going to discount everything that person says Dam, that annoyed me Secondly, there are statements that the numbers sited are not correct There is not one of us who can today deliver the correct figures, but the author does present different sources and different views I agree that number can always be played with to prove whatever you wish, but there is truth to what is being said in this book and that is indisputable Without first reading the book you cannot make any judgment of the figures used YOU must read the book and form your own opinion.You MUST read this book, if you know and believe in the truth of the massacre and or if you know nothing about it When the book came out in 1997, it was groundbreaking Today and books and even a film has come out, based on the hugely inferior The Flowers of War Without this book how long would the lies have been voiced and how long the truth hidden The facts are supported by documented evidence A book such as this must be written in this manner It is not repetitive It is not dry It is clear and well organized and it concludes with a strong message Japan must acknowledge what they did in WW2 and make an official apology They must make reparations to victims And finally, they must from now on improve their educational material so that the truth is no longer hidden This is the very least that must be done I listened to the audiobook narrated by Anna Fields Reading such material demands a strong voice which shows respect for the subject Anna Fields does this absolutely without fault Nothing could be improved upon I was horrified to hear of her death in 2006 due to a flash flood Look, there is absolutely no legitimate reason, no valid excuse to convince yourself to not read this book You can listen to it in your car Don t tell me you do not have the time to read this book Hogwash You have the time and it is important that everybody knows as many of the details as possible about what happened How many holocaust books have your read I am asking you to read this one book It is not sensationally written It is clear and concise I would say that the audiobook is difficult only to the extent that there are many Japanese names and these are harder to remember when one is not familiar with them, but I can listen to it a second time or I can also buy the paper book I want to be able to repudiate false claims.