{Free pdf} Up from SlaveryAuthor Booker T. Washington – Freepe.co

Booker T Washington, The Most Recognized National Leader, Orator And Educator, Emerged From Slavery In The Deep South, To Work For The Betterment Of African Americans In The Post Reconstruction Period Up From Slavery Is An Autobiography Of Booker T Washington S Life And Work, Which Has Been The Source Of Inspiration For All Americans Washington Reveals His Inner Most Thoughts As He Transitions From Ex Slave To Teacher And Founder Of One Of The Most Important Schools For African Americans In The South, The Tuskegee Industrial Institute


10 thoughts on “Up from Slavery

  1. says:

    It s interesting that with all the emphasis on multiculturalism when I was going through school, we never actually read any first source books like Up From Slavery However, I can see why some modern educators might want to avoid assigning this book it does violence to a certain brand of philosophy because of its profound anti victimization message and its focus on individual responsibility, the power of merit to supplant racism, and the necessity of climbing gradually rather than expecting to be catapulted instantaneously into an equality of outcome Booker T Washington doesn t sound like a proponent of affirmative action when he says, The wisest among my race understand that agitations of social equality is the extremist folly, and that progress in the enjoyment of all privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing Nor did Washington seem to have much tolerance for those who claimed they could not succeed because of their disadvantages He sums up his attitude and his life success in one line I have begun everything with the idea that I could succeed, and I never had much patience with the multitudes of people who are always ready to explain why one cannot succeed Washington was a great believer in the power of merit and repeatedly says that merit, no matter under what skin it found is, in the long run, recognized and rewarded In Up From Slavery, Washington insists that no amount of political agitation will elevate any race permanently if it does not first secure a foundation in property, industry, skill, economy, intelligence, and character As early as the Reconstruction, Washington was bemoaning that in D.C among a large class there seemed to be a dependence upon the Government for every conceivable thing I have often wished I might remove these people and plant them upon the soil where all nations and races that have ever succeeded have gotten their start, a start that at first may be slow and toilsome, but one that is nevertheless real This attitude may explain why Washington saw fit to require labor of his Tuskegee students Talking about prejudice does little to overcome prejudice, but, he says, the actual sight of a fist class house that a Negro has built is ten times potent than pages of discussion about a house that he ought to build, or perhaps could build Thus Tuskegee students, no matter what their financial position, were required to do things such as building their dormitories with their own hands and growing their own food Some have been critical of Washington s belief that liberal education must be combined with vocational education, but he did not want his students to grow too proud to use their hands, and he desired to teach them the beauty and dignity of labor He also acknowledged that the mass of people cannot all make their livings as doctors and lawyers and intellectuals No race can prosper till it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem So students learned not only liberal arts, but skills such as brick making and farming The individual who can do something that the world wants done, said Washington, will, in the end, make his way regardless of his race Washington s account of his life, from his childhood in slavery covered only briefly through his education to his rise in prominence as an educator, shows an amazing lack of resentment and even some degree of pity for the white men who oppressed his race Indeed, he considers the white man to, in a sense, have suffered from the institution of slavery also, for it destroyed his merit by taking the spirit of self reliance and self help out of him Washington magnanimity is owed, perhaps, to his mentor, from whom he learned that great men cultivate love, and that only little men cherish a spirit of hatred This is not to say he never criticizes the white man, but he explains, I early learned that it is a hard matter to convert an individual by abusing him, and that this is often accomplished by giving credit for all the praiseworthy actions performed than by calling attention alone to all the evil done He says that can be learned from coming into contact with great men and women than from books, and he would likely be appalled by the modern educational tendency to focus on the flaws rather than the virtues of historical leaders Washington s philosophy and manner of presenting it has occasionally earned him disapprobation Du Bois said that in this book, Washington soft pedaled the horrors of slavery, promoted stereotypes of blacks, and was less than honest about the racism he encountered Perhaps Washington did not dwell on these issues because he believed success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed At any rate, this is Washignton s story as he himself tells it, with no attempt at embellishment, and whether or not you agree with his philosophy on life, it is hard not to find the tale inspirational and uplifting Washington has often been accused of pandering to a white audiences, and I think this may be because of the inability of ordinary people to comprehend the greatness of character that is able to let go so utterly of resentment and bitterness and to understand that we are all in the same boat, and that what I do to keep you down is likely to injure me as well The book was not always a gripping read there is a lot of mundane detail it isn t a literary masterpiece, and the autobiographer often repeats himself, but Washington is such an admirable figure to me and has so many great moral insights into life, that I often found myself wanting to underline the text I agree with Washington that we learn most by studying great men and women, and I wish when I was in school we had studied in depth the lives of people like Booker T Washington But greatness was not something we were much encouraged to meditate on in our multicultural education prejudice, inequities, class consciousness, war, oppression, human weakness, and, alone on the positive side, occasional minority accomplishments, but not GREATNESS of CHARACTER It s a shame, because the characters of great men and women do inspire.


  2. says:

    I enjoyed the first half quite a bit, the latter half much less I am rating the book, not the man, and my rating only expresses how I personally reacted to the book I am of the 21st century This is an autobiography and it is published long ago in 1900 Booker T Washington lived from 1856 1915 He was born a slave on a plantation in Franklin County, Virginia The exact year of his birth is not known Some say 1856 he guesses maybe 1858 or 1859 Neither can we identify his father the guess is he was white During the Reconstruction Booker was still a youth He worked at a corn mill and later in a coal mine, got himself educated at Hampton Institute, became a teacher, an author, an orator particularly famed for his 1895 Atlanta Exposition speech and even met with President McKinley He founded the Tuskegee Institute, a black college in Alabama He received a Master of Arts Honorary Degree from Harvard in 1896 Clearly this is a man worth acclaim and a man of which it is interesting to learn a bit about It was the description of his life as a slave and the first years following the Declaration of Emancipation that captivated me The small details, like not knowing where to sleep when given two sheets, like picking a surname, like never sitting down to a meal or how it feels to wear a flax shirt Getting an education at Hampton Institute was quite an ordeal, but he was determined I was rooting for him Much of this book is devoted to Booker s philosophizing I admire the man and his moral fortitude I admire the importance he lays on self reliance I agree with his belief in the dignity of physical labor I agree that education must be accomplished through use of one s hands, head and heart I agree that those who are happiest do the most for others I agree that can be achieved through praise than through criticism I do think he had a knack for saying things elegantly However, as Booker works toward establishing the Tuskegee Institute he has to convince others to donate, to contribute funds He did in fact get money from Andrew Carnegie He had the strong belief that given the facts, benefactors would contribute to the cause The book begins to sound like a promotional sales pitch, and he repeats the same moral dicta over and over and over again I do agree with much of what he says, but it became a preachy, repetitive rant and so exaggeratedly optimistic He states the KKK had disappeared Maybe in 1900 people could still be optimistic I don t know Anyhow, at book s end I was totally fed up Was the latter half of the book written for the purpose of impressing others of his accomplishments and so donations The audiobook is narrated by Noah Waterman The recording sound sometimes echoes and changes volume, but I could understand the spoken words Neither bad, nor spectacular.


  3. says:

    While I admired Booker T Washington s ability to see the world so optimistically in his autobiography Up from Slavery , it would be a lie to say that I was so greatly impressed by Washington s story that I would recommend its placement on school reading lists Considering the plethora of fascinating slave narratives out there, being reprinted and regaining popularity thanks to award winning films like Django Unchained and 12 Years a Slave , Washington s memoir about his financial and political struggles during the foundation of his famous Tuskegee Institute seems almost tepid in comparison.My technical criticism with the book is that it is rather dry and slow paced and lacking in in depth introspection Washington spends only the first few chapters talking about his childhood spent as a slave in Virginia, his adolescence during and after the Civil War, and the Reconstruction years in which he attended Hampton University, which was then called the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute I found these chapters to be enlightening and up lifting, although I would have liked to have seen .The remainder of the book, unfortunately, reads like a business manual than an autobiography, with Washington writing about the finer points of fund raising and political deal making He is also a chronic name dropper, quick to point out and praise the many white donors and patrons who helped to fund his Tuskegee Institute Certain parts of the book seem devoted solely to listing names of donors Other parts of the book are, inexplicably, devoted to self aggrandizing excerpts from various newspaper and magazine articles It strikes me as being strangely narcissistic, a strong disconnect from Washington s public persona of a soft spoken, humble man.He also seems to have interest and pleasure in talking about money and the minutiae of starting a college than he does in anything personal Indeed, his entire marriage to his first wife, Fannie Smith, is given only two paragraphs in the book Granted, it was a short marriage they were wedded in 1882, and she passed away in 1884 and their union produced a daughter, Portia This is literally the extent of the information he relates about his first marriage After having read Up From Slavery , I still don t have a strong impression of the man s emotional and spiritual side His narrative has an acute dearth of personality Don t get me wrong Washington s story is an inspirational one It is hard not to be inspired by the story of a young black man born a slave in 1856 and becoming the most vocal and prominent member of the black community until his death in 1915.And yet, controversy regarding some aspects of his philosophy on racial relations in the U.S had a divisive effect within the black community, one that is still felt today.There is no question that Washington was one of the most influential and important black men of his time Up From Slavery was a nationwide bestseller, in both the North and the South Blacks and whites alike found inspiration and hope for positive race relations in the future in his words It s easy to see why.Washington seems to subscribe to the philosophy of letting bygones be bygones, especially in regards to the treatment of black people by whites under slavery He believed in a philosophy of appeasement when it came to whites, a philosophy not shared by a contingent of the black community.In his most famous speech and, arguably, one of the most important speeches in American history, according to some historians during the Atlanta Exposition of 1895, Washington set the stage for the Atlanta Compromise, an agreement later negotiated between black and white community leaders in the South that would give blacks basic education and due process rights under the law as long as blacks agreed to work quietly, accept segregation, and not push for social equality.Washington, in the speech, said, The wisest among my race understand that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremest folly, and the progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing No race that has anything to contribute to the markets of the world is long in any degree ostracized It is important and right that all privileges of the law be ours, but it is vastly important that we be prepared for the exercises of these privileges The opportunity to earn a dollar in a factory just now is worth infinitely than the opportunity to spend a dollar in an opera house p.223 While many black people at the time couldn t fault the logic of Washington s words, many critics felt that his speech was a win win for white supremacists and led to the cruelty of Jim Crow laws.In essence, critics argued, Washington was telling black people to work hard, start at the bottom, don t get too uppity, and one day white people may treat you with some semblance of respect This meritocratic mindset work hard and you will achieve success wasn t realistic for black people, critics argued, especially when the system was rigged White people had the advantages, and they weren t going to give them up willingly.Clearly, Washington s views were antithetical to the subsequent militant views propounded by Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X Washington probably would not have even agreed with affirmative action, as it went against his view that black people must help themselves and not rely on any special accommodations from white people.Yet, I can t help but think that Washington was wiser than many critics allow Certainly, some of his views may have been flawed and or did not factor in the possibility that many powerful whites wanted to see black people fail for no reason other than the fact that they were racist white supremacists Regardless, Washington s approach may have been the best approach for the time Tensions ran high so soon after the Civil War Blacks and whites alike were confused and frightened Washington s focus on education and self help for the black community was definitely a useful approach Washington knew, too possibly from personal experience , that taking an antagonistic approach to the white dominated society at the time was akin to David facing a Goliath while blind folded and possessing no weapons Better to ingratiate one s self with Goliath while secretly building up an arsenal.Despite its flaws, Up From Slavery is still an important book I still wouldn t campaign for its placement on school reading lists, especially next to lively and entertaining reads such as Frederick Douglas s autobiography, but its definitely worthy supplementary reading for students of black history and literature.


  4. says:

    On the one hand, this is a really interesting look at the culture of the South during and just after the period of Reconstruction on the other hand, however, Washington s view of that culture is certainly affected by his wholehearted endorsement of the American Dream, the Horatio Alger myth, and capitalism While it s important to acknowledge the value of hard work and perseverance and while Washington himself did a great deal of good for African Americans, working for years to develop the Tuskegee Institute and working behind the scenes to help individual African Americans, his attitude that anyone who works hard can succeed and his refusal to truly acknowledge the really very serious racial problems the U.S still faced lynching, Jim Crow laws, etc makes his argument about hard work and cleanliness yes, cleanliness he goes on and on about the importance of brushing one s teeth, bathing regularly, learning table manners, and becoming accustomed to sleeping between the sheets difficult to accept.


  5. says:

    This second ghost written autobiography of Booker T Washington presents the carefully crafted public persona that he wanted Beneath the mask of a humble, saintly,acetic and patient Negro is a power hungry, self aggrandizing man Washington played his cards close to the vest and was sure that he never offended white people from the North or the South He curried favor with captains of industry such as Andrew Carnegie and Roger Baldwin who eventually set him up for life Nevertheless, Washington created an enduring black institution that still exists Tuskegee University he also created an ideology of self help that was adopted by both Marcus Garvey and Elijah Muhammad.When Paul Laurence Dunbar wrote the poem, We Wear the Mask , he must have had Washington in mind because to this day no one knows who the real Booker T Washington was clever manipulator, servile Uncle Tom, or Wizard of Tuskegee Even Ralph Ellsion alludes to Washington and Tuskegee in his magnum opus, Invisible Man Love him or loathe him, Booker T Washington was one of the most important African Americans of the 20th Century And his autobiography is must reading One should read DuBois s The Souls of Black Folk for contrast.


  6. says:

    Booker T Washington s auto biography pretty much disgusted me I use such a strong word here because I was disturbed so many times throughout the read I just can t bring myself to feel anything other than pure disgust as a result of reading what he referred to as his auto biography This was less of an auto biography and of a documentation that served two purposes 1 To describe how he created the Tuskegee Institute2 To thank all of the white folks who assisted in the above referenced effortI went back and forth on what to say in this review because I do not want it to be mistaken that I do not appreciate Mr Washington or his efforts I still admire the monumental things he did for his people in response to his passion for education I clearly recognize the efforts of, and hold sincere appreciation for, Booker T Washington as a pioneer in my history as well as American history as a whole But the book rubbed me in all the wrong ways Here we have a man who was born into the institution of slavery Here we have a man who was born nameless, was denied an education for most of his life and who was discriminated against tremendously because he was black And then he comes up with this auto biography where he pretty much sweeps the impacts of slavery and the aftermaths of slavery under the rug as if it wasn t that bad He comes up with a whole book praising certain white individuals for teaching him basic things like how to be clean, how to sweep a floor and how to survive GIVE ME A BREAK You cannot convince me that you were born into slavery on a plantation with your birth mother, who was also a slave, and hundreds of other slaves, but you weren t exposed to or didn t learn to appreciate hard work, cleanliness and survival until you were free and ran into a white person who just so happened to let their guard down and let you in That really disturbs me to my core At no point in this book does he give credit to his mother for hard work and survival He never highlights anything done or said by fellow slaves that encouraged him He jumps straight into praise of white folks at the beginning all the way to the end of this book Which leads to my suspicions that the intention of, and motivation for, this book had very little, if anything , to do with highlighting his life story I am solid in my belief that the motivation for this book was to either secure funding for the University or to gain additional recognition for his contributions to it Almost like a literary pat on his own back Either way, it s disturbing Additionally, Mr Washington continually made mockeries of his fellow black brothers and sisters and former slaves Almost like he looked down on them and thought he was better than them This was equally disturbing Those are my two cents But I do want to mention, again, that my comments are in reference to the book and do not mirror how I feel about Mr Washington or his efforts and accolades I do find it admirable that he did so much with this life after slavery I do appreciate the role he played in bringing education to the South for former slaves I admire his dedication to his cause But I strongly disliked most of his book.


  7. says:

    I think Up From Slavery is one of the most amazing autobiographies ever written Booker T Washington s autobiography was essential to creating the New Negro, the Black American who emerged today I think Up From Slavery is a humorous and motivational work of strength, determination and perseverance.


  8. says:

    Booker T Washington was a very admirable figure, but his book is pretty dull Besides, his silences about major issues, such as racial segregation, forced disenfranchisment, violence against black people lynchings , and violent racial uprisings in the south at this time, are, I think, loud silences which beg the question of who his audience is intended to be Rather than as an honest autobiography, I read this book as an overt plea to the upper class whites, for funding for his school It was of a this is what I ve been through, this is what I ve achieved, this is why you should donate money to this cause Hardly any personal information i.e., thoughts, feelings, fears, friendships, etc , almost no anger The narrative was altogether very stiff and forced.


  9. says:

    No matter how modestly this man tries to tell his story, the facts of his life shine with the luster of greatness Booker T Washington spent his early childhood as a slave on a plantation in the south After the Emancipation Proclamation was read from the porch steps of the Big House, Booker s ambitions to gain an education and make something of himself propelled him through every obstacle to his goal Booker T Washington was a tireless promoter of education for his race and of Tuskegee, the school for blacks which he founded in Alabama He spent his entire adult life in these two causes and made great strides in elevating the sights and prospects of his people I had never really considered what it must have taken to raise the mindset of an enslaved people once they had freedom While the human soul craves liberty, it does not automatically know how to use that liberty to the highest ends Booker T Washington s approach to education of ex slaves was comprehensive He wanted to teach them everything about how to live civilized, useful lives of service and industry Along with book learning, he taught them use a toothbrush, to sleep between the sheets of a bed, to bathe daily, to keep their clothing clean and mended, to love labor and avoid indolence, to learn marketable life skills such as carpentry and brick making, to acquire property, to vote sensibly, to worship and pray to God, and to live moral lives I found my admiration for Booker T Washington growing with the turn of every page He was practical, thrifty, energetic, articulate, earnest, hard working, selfless, diplomatic, always hopeful and optimistic He was also a sought after public speaker with an ability to sway many to his cause and bring an audience into complete accord with him I wish I could have heard him speak in person, but I m grateful that I had a chance to hear his voice through this well told story of his own inspiring life.


  10. says:

    Booker T Washington once a slave, beat down and told he could do nothing, accomplish nothing now an example to all men, white and colored, raised above others Why Hard work and a desire to do good in this world He accomplished than a lot, from getting into a school by sweeping and cleaning a room, to teaching at a night school, to starting Tuskegee, to speaking at huge events at which no black man had ever spoken He met great men, did great things, built a great community, and loved greatly.He wrote this autobiography about his truly great life He wrote it simply, giving facts in a very interesting way one thing that he felt was important while giving speeches I had a hard time staying interested because I was very busy while reading it and felt like I had to rush to get it done However, I liked it enough to know that I ll read it again in a less busy time and really immerse myself in it There s so much to learn, so much to discover in a life like Washington s While reading it I couldn t help but be thankful for everything in my life I was born with many luxuries given to me Booker T Washington started out with the clothes on his back and a dirt floor to sleep on Education was a piece of paradise to him food was a luxury beyond all comparison I have always had both of those, in abundance.One word to describe this book would be thankful Not the word I would normally use to describe a book, but really, it is Booker T Washington s thanks resonates throughout the whole story Even when he was hungry and on the streets I could almost taste his thanks whenever he d receive a meal or a warm place to stay.Wonderful Recommended to all who love a good autobiography, and even to those who don t.